Home General Physiology and Biophysics 2023 General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.42, No.5, p. 443–455, 2023

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Founded: 1982
ISSN  1338-4325 (online)

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General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.42, No.5, p. 443–455, 2023

Title: LncRNA XIST promotes insulin resistance in gestational diabetes mellitus via the microRNA-181b-5p/NDRG2 axis
Author: Yanli Xu, Xiaodi Kang, Huafang Liu, Hongli Jiang, Wenjing Wang

Abstract: Many studies have explored the role of lncRNA X inactivation-specific transcript (XIST) in diabetes. This study was designed to unravel the regulatory mechanism of XIST on animal models of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) progression via the microRNA (miR)-181b-5p/N-myc downstream-regulated gene 2 (NDRG2) axis. XIST, miR-181b-5p, and NDRG2 expression levels in GDM mice were detected. The GDM mice were subjected to gain- and loss-of-function assays to examine the change of glucose metabolism indices (fasting blood glucose (FBG), fasting insulin (FINS) and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR)), serum oxidative stress factors (glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and malondialdehyde (MDA)), serum inflammatory factors (interleukin-1 β (IL-1β), IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α)), pathological changes of pancreatic tissues, and apoptotic cells in pancreatic islets in GDM mice. XIST and NDRG2 expression were elevated while miR-181b-5p expression was depleted in GDM mice. Down-regulated XIST or NDRG2 or up-regulated miR-181b-5p reduced the FBG level, HOMA-IR, and serum IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α, and MDA contents, elevated the FINS, GSH, and SOD level, mitigated pathological changes in pancreatic tissues, and decelerated apoptotic cells in pancreatic islets in GDM mice. Silenced XIST dampens insulin resistance in GDM mice via the modulation of the miR-181b-5p/NDRG2 axis.

Keywords: Gestational diabetes mellitus — lncRNA X inactivation-specific transcript — miRNA-181b-5p — N-myc downstream-regulated gene 2 — Insulin resistance — Apoptosis
Published online: 19-Sep-2023
Year: 2023, Volume: 42, Issue: 5 Page From: 443, Page To: 455

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