Home General Physiology and Biophysics 2023 General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.42, No.5, p. 457–468, 2023

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Quarterly, 80 pp. per issue
Founded: 1982
ISSN  1338-4325 (online)

Published in English

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General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.42, No.5, p. 457–468, 2023

Title: Interaction of quercetin and its derivatives with Ca2+-ATPase from sarcoplasmic reticulum: Kinetic and molecular modeling studies
Author: Petronela Rezbarikova, Jana Viskupicova, Magdalena Majekova, Lubica Horakova

Abstract: Sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPases (SERCAs) regulate cellular calcium homeostasis and are targeted for age-related diseases. Among 14 SERCA mRNA splice variants, SERCA1a is specific to adult fast-twitch skeletal muscle. Quercetin derivatives (monochloropivaloylquercetin (CPQ), IC50 = 195.7 µM; 2-chloro-1,4-naphthoquinonequercetin (CHNQ), IC50 = 60.3 µM) were studied for their impact on SERCA1a using molecular modeling and enzyme kinetics. While there were some similarities in kinetic parameters and molecular modeling, the compounds exhibited diverse actions on SERCA1a. Quercetin reduced activity by 48% at 250 μM by binding to the cytosolic ATP-binding pocket with increased ATP affinity. CPQ bound near the Ca2+-binding site, possibly altering the transmembrane domain. CHNQ significantly reduced activity by 94% at 250 μM without binding to substrate sites. It was proposed that CHNQ induced global protein structure changes, inhibiting Ca2+-ATPase activity.

Keywords: Ca2+-ATPase — Quercetin — Monochloropivaloylquercetin — 2-chloro-1,4-naphthoquinonequercetin — Kinetics — Molecular docking
Published online: 19-Sep-2023
Year: 2023, Volume: 42, Issue: 5 Page From: 457, Page To: 468

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