Home Neoplasma 2023 Neoplasma Vol.70, No.6, p. 777–786, 2023

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Neoplasma Vol.70, No.6, p. 777–786, 2023

Title: CHAC1 promotes cell ferroptosis and enhances radiation sensitivity in thyroid carcinoma
Author: Xinlin Yang, Miao Zhang, Wei Xia, Zhongchao Mai, Ying Ye, Bin Zhao, Yanan Song

Abstract: ChaC glutathione-specific γ-glutamylcyclotransferase 1 (CHAC1) is involved in intracellular glutathione depletion, ferroptosis, and tumorigenesis. The functional role of CHAC1 expression in thyroid carcinoma has not yet been established. The present study aimed to investigate the impact and mechanisms of CHAC1 on ferroptosis and radiation sensitivity in thyroid carcinoma. CHAC1 expression was examined in tumor tissue specimens and microarrays and thyroid carcinoma cell lines. CHAC1 was silenced or overexpressed by lentivirus transfection in thyroid carcinoma cells. Cell viability and lipid ROS levels were evaluated by Cell Counting Kit-8 and flow cytometry, respectively. The effect of CHAC1 on tumor growth in vivo was also measured. Ferroptosis-related proteins were measured by western blotting. CHAC1 expression was decreased in patients with thyroid carcinoma, and overexpression of CHAC1 suppressed cell viability of BCPAP cells and tumor growth in xenografted nude mice. Exposure to Ferrostatin-1, a ferroptosis inhibitor, significantly attenuated the inhibitory effects of CHAC1 overexpression on cell viability. In CHAC1-overexpressing BCPAP cells, ferroptosis was induced as indicated by increased lipid ROS production and PTGS2 expression. Knocking down of CHAC1 in K1 cells significantly induced cell viability, reduced lipid ROS production and PTGS2 expression, and enhanced GPX4 expression. Such effects were attenuated by RSL3, a ferroptosis inducer. Furthermore, we showed that CHAC1 overexpression enhanced radiation sensitivity in BCPAP cells as indicated by decreased cell viability, while CHAC1 knockdown had reversed effects in K1 cells as indicated by increased cell viability. Taken together, CHAC1 overexpression promoted ferroptosis and enhanced radiation sensitivity in thyroid carcinoma.

Keywords: thyroid carcinoma; CHAC1; ferroptosis; GPX4
Published online: 19-Jan-2024
Year: 2023, Volume: 70, Issue: 6 Page From: 777, Page To: 786

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