Home FOR AUTHORS Endocrine Regulations 2006 Endocrine Regulations Vol.40, p.91-104, 2006

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Quarterly, 50 pp. per issue 
Founded: 1967
ISSN 1210-0668
E-ISSN 1336-0329

Published in English

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Endocrine Regulations Vol.40, p.91-104, 2006

Title: ALCOHOL INTAKE MODULATES HORMONAL ACTIVITY OF ADIPOSE TISSUE
Author: ELISKA PRAVDOVA, MARIA FICKOVA

Abstract: White adipose tissue (WAT) is now recognized as a highly active metabolic tissue and important endocrine organ producing numerous peptides and proteins with broad biological activity. The term “adipokines” has been coined to refer to a series of adipocyte-derived biologically active molecules, which may influence the function as well as the structural integrity of other tissues. Adipokines are implicated in control of food intake, energy balance and body weight (leptin), glucose homeostasis (e.g., adiponectin, resistin, adiponutrin), lipid metabolism (e.g., retinol-binding protein, cholesterolester transfer protein), angiogenesis (vascular endothelial growth factor VEGF), fibrinolytic system (plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 PAI-1), pro- and anti-inflammatory effects (e.g., tumor necrosis factor-α TNF-α, interleukin-6 IL-6) or sexual development and reproduction (leptin). Alterations of WAT mass in obesity or lipoatrophy effect the production of most adipose secreted factors. Besides others, alcohol consumption affects also hormonal system leading to non-physiological increase/decrease of hormone gene expression and plasma hormone concentrations appearing as final poor or stronger effects on target tissues. As mentioned above, white adipose tissue is important endocrine organ, so alcohol intake can alter also adipokines expression in WAT and adipokines plasma levels and in this way it can affect the adipokine-targeted tissues and their functions.

Keywords: Adipokines – Adiponectin – Adiponutrin – Alcohol – Fat tissue – Leptin – Resistin – Visfatin
Year: 2006, Volume: 40, Issue: 3 Page From: 91, Page To: 104



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