Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2012 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.113, No.8, p.481–485, 2012

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345

Impact factor 1.2

 

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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.113, No.8, p.481–485, 2012

Title: Postpericardiotomy syndrome – post-cardiac injury syndrome
Author: E. Bucekova, I. Simkova, M. Hulman

Abstract:  Introduction: Postpericardiotomy syndrome is a non specific belated reaction of pericardium, epicardium and pleural cavity after cardiac or pericardial injury. It is concidered to be a common complication in cardiosurgery with occurence of 3 to 30 percent. Most likely, the primary cause is a common immunopathic proces. It develops within days or even up to six months after either cardiac or pericardial injury or both.
Aim: Echocardiography is the leading method in determination of postpericardiotomy syndrome due to the frequency of occurance, non- specific clinical symptoms (fever, chest pain, cough, dizziness), innacurate interpretation of examination methods (ECG, X-ray, laboratory tests). We would like to show how to determine the exactly diagnose, how to treat it and what is prognosis of this illness.
Results: We have performed a retrospective analysis of 1344 patients, who underwent cardiac surgery in the year 2009. The incidence of post- cardiac surgery syndrome was 12.4 %. In 2.6 % of the studied cases, surgical intervention was needed due to a cardiac tamponade. Int other cases similar to acute pericarditis, symptomatic treatment in duration of several weeks or months with non-steroid antireumatics, salicylic acid or colchicine is sufficient. Therapeutic options in refractory forms are long term oral corticoids or pericardiectomy. During our follow-up, pericardiectomy was necessary to perform in one patient.
Conclusion: Postpericardiotomy syndrome, which occurs in early postoperative period, prolongs hospitalisation. In spite of non specific symptoms huge pericardial effusion might be present and can cause cardiac tamponade with haemodynamic failure in later periods. Transthoracic echocardiography is the golden standard in determination of accurate diagnosis (Fig. 6, Ref. 15). 

Keywords: postpericardiotomy syndrome, pericarditis, heart operation, pericardial effusion, etiology, diagnose.
Year: 2012, Volume: 113, Issue: 8 Page From: 481, Page To: 485
doi:10.4149/BLL_2012_106


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