Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2014 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.115, No.6, p.345-351, 2014

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345

Impact factor 1.2

 

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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.115, No.6, p.345-351, 2014

Title: Combined usage of estrogen and melatonin restores bladder contractility and reduces kidney and bladder damage in ovariectomized and pinealectomized rat
Author: S. Tasdemir, C. Tasdemir, N. Vardi, H. Parlakpinar, E. Aglamis, B. Ates, M. Sagir, A. Kurt, A. Acet

Abstract: Objective: The incidence of urinary bladder disturbances and renal structural changes and functional decline are found to increase with age.
Methods: We investigated the effect of melatonin treatment in addition to estrogen replacement therapy in pinealectomized (Px) and ovariectomized (Ovx) rats. 56 female Wistar rats were divided into seven groups, each containing eight animals: Sham, (Ovx), (Px), Px+Ovx, Px+Ovx receiving estrogen (Px+Ovx+E), Px+Ovx receiving melatonin (Px+Ovx+M) and Px+Ovx estrogen and melatonin supplemented (Px+Ovx+EM) group (EM group). We evaluated reduced glutathione (GSH) levels and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels. The mean collagen fiber (CF)/smooth muscle (SM) ratio in the bladder wall and structure of the kidney were examined histolologically. We aleso recorded response of the bladder contractility to acetylcholine (Ach).
Results: Px and Ovx groups showed statistically significant reductions of antioxidant defenses, impaired Ach-evoked contraction, histological changes compared with the control group. Also, these changes were prominent in Px+Ovx group compared with all other groups. Both estrogen and melatonin reversed these changes however best restoration was observed in the EM group.
Conclusions: Px performed in addition to Ovx led to a distinct increase in oxidative damage in bladder and renal tissue and deteriorate of the detrussor function. Either estradiol or melatonin replacement alone or in combination prevents significant alterations of tissue histology and bladder contractility following Ovx and Px. Thus, combination treatment appears to be the best method to restore both contractility and histomorphology of bladder and kidney tissues after Ovx and Px (Tab. 3, Fig. 4, Ref. 44).

Keywords: pinealectomy, ovariectomy, estrogen, melatonin, bladder, kidney.
Year: 2014, Volume: 115, Issue: 6 Page From: 345, Page To: 351
doi:10.4149/BLL_2014_068


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