Home Kovove Materialy-Metallic Materials 2013 Metallic Materials Vol. 51 (2013), no. 5, pp.291-297

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Metallic Materials Vol. 51 (2013), no. 5, pp.291-297

Title: Microstructure characteristics of Laser-MIG hybrid welded 2A12 aluminum alloy joint with titanium addition and heat treatment conditions
Author: J. YAN, M. GAO, G. LI, C. ZHANG, M. JIANG, X. ZENG

Abstract: This paper presents the effects of titanium addition and heat treatment on microstructure of 2A12 aluminum alloy joints by CO2 laser-metal inter gas hybrid welding. The 5 mm thick 2A12 aluminum alloy plates were welded by hybrid welding with and without titanium addition, respectively. The results showed that the oriented columnar dendrites were formed near the fusion boundary without titanium addition. However, the Al3Ti particles are formed to provide excellent nucleation sites for α-Al grains after titanium addition. Furthermore, a chill zone consisting of fine spherical grains was formed to prevent the growth of columnar dendrites between the base metal and fusion zone. Moreover, the grain size of the chill zone was much smaller than that of the weld center region. After heat treatment, the microstructure transited from columnar dendrites to fine equiaxed grains and the eutectics are believed as a-A1, θ phases, and some other inclusions.

Keywords: laser welding, hybrid welding, aluminum alloy
Published online: 20-Sep-2017
Year: 2013, Volume: 51, Issue: 5 Page From: 291, Page To: 297
doi:10.4149/km_2013_5_291


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