Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2018 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.119, No.5, p.284-288, 2018

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345

Impact factor 1.2

 

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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.119, No.5, p.284-288, 2018

Title: miRNA-138 regulates MLK3/JNK/MAPK pathway to protect BV-2 cells from H2O2-induced apoptosis
Author: R. Ren, S. D. Chen, J. Fan, G. Zhang, J. B. Li

Abstract: BACKGROUND: miR-138 is one of the down-regulated miRNAs during acute spinal cord injury. Mixed lineage kinase 3 (MLK3), a key factor of jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway, is the target of miR-138. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of miR-138 in H2O2-treated BV-2 cells.
METHODS: Murine microglia BV-2 cells were treated with H2O2 and tested for cell viability and miR-138 expression. The cells were then transfected with miR-138 agomir or miR-138 antagomir, and treated with 200 μM H2O2 for 24 h. The cellular apoptosis was detected by Aennexin V/PI staining. Expression of miR-138, MLK3, and other factors of JNK/MAPK pathway was detected.
RESULTS: After treatment of various concentrations of H2O2, the cell viabilities were reduced, and miR-138 expression was down-regulated. Compared to the control cells, over-expressing miR-138 in BV-2 cells reduced apoptosis rate from 24.2 % to 11.9 %. Western blot further showed that JNK, p-JNK, c-jun, p-c-jun, p38 MAPK, and p-p38 MAPK were down-regulated. Expression of pro-apoptosis factors iNOS and COX-2 were also down-regulated. Transfection of miR-138 antagomir produced the opposite effect of the transfection of miR-138 agomir.
CONCLUSION: miR-138 was able to reduce H2O2-induced apoptosis in BV-2 cells. The protective effect was related to the down-regulation of MLK3 proteins and sequentially inhibiting JNK/MAPK signaling pathway (Fig. 3, Ref. 27). Text in PDF www.elis.sk.

Keywords: miR-138, mixed lineage kinase 3, apoptosis, microglia, jun N-terminal kinase
Published online: 09-May-2018
Year: 2018, Volume: 119, Issue: 5 Page From: 284, Page To: 288
doi:10.4149/BLL_2018_053


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