Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2018 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.119, No.8, p.494–497, 2018

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345

Impact factor 1.2

 

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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.119, No.8, p.494–497, 2018

Title: Evaluation of pancreatic exocrine functions in rheumatoid arthritis
Author: P. Sisman, E. Yucel

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is one of the most common chronic inflammatory diseases. It mainly involves the joints and also affects directly or indirectly nearly all organ systems. The question whether RA causes exocrine pancreatic disfunction remains unclear. The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether or not RA contributes to pancreatic exocrine insufficiency. This was done by ruling out seconder Sjögren’s syndrome (SjS) by using Schirmer’s test.
METHODS: A total of 60 patients (20 RA, 20 RA + SjS and 20 SjS) and 20 healthy volunteers were included in the study. Patients with RA who had not undergonethe Schirmer’s test in the last 6 months and all healthy volunteers included in the study underwent the Schirmer’s test at an outpatient clinic. Random fecal samples were taken from all participants and fecal pancreatic elastase was measured to evaluate pancreatic exocrine functions.
RESULTS: In the study, a statistically significant difference was found between the control group,SjS and RA+SjS groups. But there was no significant difference between the control group and RA group. In RA group, fecal elastase levels were statistically significantly higher compared to the SjS group. But there was no significant difference between RA+SjS and SjS groups.
CONCLUSION: Fecal elastase significantly decreased in SjS compared to the normal population while pancreatic exocrine functions are considered to be impaired in SjS. There are also impaired pancreatic exocrine functions in the secondary SjS associated with RA. Consequently, pancreatic exocrine dysfunction, which can be seen in patients with RA, may be thought to be caused by secondary SjS associated with RA (Tab. 6, Fig. 1, Ref. 19).

Keywords: rheumatoid arthritis, fecal elastase, pancreatic exocrine function, Sjögren’s syndrome
Published online: 30-Aug-2018
Year: 2018, Volume: 119, Issue: 8 Page From: 494, Page To: 497
doi:10.4149/BLL_2018_090


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