Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2019 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.120, No.7, p.485–493, 2019

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345

Impact factor 1.2

 

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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.120, No.7, p.485–493, 2019

Title: Fertility maintenance in male oncological patients: current state and future perspectives
Author: E. Kubikova, M. Klein, P. Svitok, J. Stefanic, R. Benus, S. Polak, I. Varga

Abstract: Growing cancer incidence in reproductive age goes hand in hand with a rising survival rate of patients who underwent anticancer therapy. This trend points to the necessity of discussion regarding the fertility maintenance. The patient´s future with respect to his reproductive ability has to be addressed properly to achieve a complex approach to cancer management. The germinal epithelium of the testes is highly susceptible to deleterious effects of chemotherapy. After the administration of gonadotoxic chemotherapeutic agents, a patient can develop oligospermia, or even azoospermia. Similarly, radiation exposure can damage spermatogenesis, while higher doses lead to azoospermia. This review brings an overview of the methods of assisted reproduction, which are currently in use for fertility maintenance in oncological patients, but also in those with non-malignant indications. Also, novel, yet still experimental, methods are discussed, which represent promising technologies applicable to prepubertal oncological patients. We also discuss historical milestones in the development of assisted reproduction, summarize the options of semen analysis, and we present a practical guide through the process of sperm cryopreservation and subsequent in vivo or in vitro fertilisation. We deem that fertility maintenance should be an integral part of the health care in oncological patients in reproductive age (Tab. 1, Ref. 85).

Keywords: assisted reproduction technique, sperm cryopreservation, testicular tissue cryopreservation, spermatogenesis, sperm quality in oncological patients
Published online: 12-Jul-2019
Year: 2019, Volume: 120, Issue: 7 Page From: 485, Page To: 493
doi:10.4149/BLL_2019_077


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