Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2021 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.122, No.5, p.305–309,2021

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345

Impact factor 1.2


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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.122, No.5, p.305–309,2021

Title: Metformin therapy and risk of cancer in patients after heart transplantation
Author: H. Bedanova, V. Horvath, J. Ondrasek, J. Krejci, P. Dobsak, P. Nemec

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) and malignancy are recognized among the most common complications increasing mortality in patients after heart transplantation (HTx). Clinical trials have shown a higher risk for different types of tumours in diabetic patients. This risk is potentiated by immunosuppressive therapy in transplant patients. Biguanide metformin has been shown to exhibit anti-tumour activity and we tried to find out whether this effect is valid for heart transplant patients.
METHODS: We retrospectively analysed a group of 497 patients, who undergone HTx in our centre between 1998 and 2019. The primary outcome was any malignancy during the 15-year follow-up period and patient’s survival.
RESULTS: Out of the 497 patients enrolled in the study, 279 (56 %) had diabetes and 52 (19 %) were treated with metformin. Fifteen-year survival in treated patients without malignancy was 93 %, the remainder for the DM patients was 56 %, with survival in non-DM patients being 74 %. Untreated diabetic patients had 4.7 times higher chance of malignancy than those on metformin (p = 0.01). Fifteen-year survival in metformin treated patients was 53 %, in other DM patients 44 %, and in non-DM patients 51 %.
CONCLUSION: Our study showed a significantly lower incidence of malignancies in metformin-treated patients and slightly better overall survival (Tab. 2, Fig. 3, Ref. 19)

Keywords: biguanide, heart graft, malignancy, diabetes mellitus, survival
Published online: 13-Apr-2021
Year: 2021, Volume: 122, Issue: 5 Page From: 305, Page To: 309

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