Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2021 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.122, No.5, p.315–319,2021

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345

Impact factor 1.2


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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.122, No.5, p.315–319,2021

Title: Primary cardiac tumours: how well can prenatal diagnosis “predict” postnatal outcome?
Author: H. Habanova, M. Kaldararova, P. Tittel, L. Kovacikova, A. Cunderlik, I. Rusnak

Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Primary foetal cardiac tumours are rare congenital malformations. They can cause a flow obstruction, arrhythmias and can lead to cardiac failure, hydrops or death. Postnatal management is based on patient´s clinical and hemodynamic impairment.
METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data from 2009–2019 from our gynaecology clinic and also data regarding postnatal follow-up from our partner paediatric institution.
RESULTS: In this period, we diagnosed six cases with foetal cardiac tumours. In four cases, multiple rhabdomyomas were present. Three patients did not have serious complications pre- or postnatally. In one case, tumours were obliterating both the inflow and the outflow of the left ventricle. The child died at three months of age. Tuberous sclerosis was confirmed in all the cases with rhabdomyomas. One child had a fibroma filling the left ventricle. Despite an uneventful prenatal period, the patient got postnatally symptomatic. Tumour was considered inoperable and the child died at the age of five months.
In one case a single right ventricular unspecified tumour was diagnosed, without any complications.
CONCLUSION: Prognosis closely depends on early diagnosis, clinical manifestations and the possibility of surgical tumour removal if necessary. In confirmed rhabdomyomas, tests for tuberous sclerosis are mandatory (Tab. 1, Fig. 2, Ref. 18). Text in PDF www.elis.sk

Keywords: rhabdomyoma, fibroma, prenatal diagnosis, ultrasound, tuberous sclerosis.
Published online: 13-Apr-2021
Year: 2021, Volume: 122, Issue: 5 Page From: 315, Page To: 319

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