Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2021 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.122, No.5, p.341–346,2021

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345

Impact factor 1.2

 

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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.122, No.5, p.341–346,2021

Title: Gallbladder carcinoma – when to use laparoscopic approach?
Author: M. Bakos, T. Jankovic, S. Durdik, L. Vrtik

Abstract: AIM: To assess how laparoscopy has altered the presentation of patients with gallbladder cancer and determine whether radical resection in patients with gallbladder cancer is beneficial.
METHOD: 47 patients underwent surgery because of suspected gallbladder cancer. Cancer was found incidentally in 29 patients (61.7 %) during routine laparoscopic cholecystectomy using frozen biopsy. Gallbladder cancer had been diagnosed preoperatively in the other 18 patients (38.3 %).
RESULTS: Patients in whom carcinoma was found incidentally at laparoscopic cholecystectomy had a significant increase in survival when compared with those who were admitted electively with a known diagnosis. All patients who presented with a known diagnosis had stage II or higher, and 38.3 % of these were in stage IV. However, 58.6 % of those patients who were found incidentally were in stage I or II. The overall 2-year survival for all patients was 45 %; those discovered incidentally at laparoscopic cholecystectomy (Tis-T2) had a 2-year survival of 87 %.
CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy resulted in an earlier discovery of gallbladder cancer in some patients, resulting in increased probability of survival. Adjunctive radical surgical resection, either at the time of cholecystectomy or subsequently, increases survival significantly in early stage disease (Tab.2, Fig. 2, Ref. 24). Text in PDF www.elis.sk


Keywords: gallbladder carcinoma, laparoscopic approach
Published online: 13-Apr-2021
Year: 2021, Volume: 122, Issue: 5 Page From: 341, Page To: 346
doi:10.4149/BLL_2021_058


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