Home Acta Virologica 2021 Acta Virologica Vol.65, No.2, p.141-148, 2021

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ISSN 0001-723X
E-ISSN 1336-2305

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Acta Virologica Vol.65, No.2, p.141-148, 2021

Title: Changes in the co-expressions of interleukin 29 (IL-29), IFN-inducible protein 10 (IP-10) and monokine induced by IFNγ (MIG) genes in chronic hepatitis C Egyptian patients untreated and treated with DAAs
Author: Ahmed Gaballah, Iman Salah Naga, Mariam Salah Zaghloul, Hanan Mostafa Mostafa, Ahmed Noby

Abstract: Direct acting antiviral agents (DAAs) are a group of antiviral drugs that inhibit specific non-structural proteins of the virus and disrupt viral replication and infection. DAAs regimens for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection provide a particular event to tackle mechanistic intracellular relationships between the innate immunity and HCV, potentially providing perceptions about the rate of the viral replication and complex decay. Interleukin 29 (IL-29) prevents the replication of HCV. IFN-inducible protein 10 (IP-10) plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of HCV infection. MIG/CXCL9 are produced by inflammatory and stromal cells such as hepatocytes following either stimulation by interferon lambda (IFNγ) or viral infection. This study aimed to evaluate the co-expression of IL-29, IP-10 and MIG in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from untreated and treated chronic HCV patients with DAAs. This study included group of twenty naïve HCV patients, group of twenty sustained viral response (SVR) patients and a control group that consisted of 10 healthy subjects. All subjects were tested for liver enzymes, serum albumin level, total serum bilirubin, platelet count, prothrombin activity and viral load. Relative gene expression of IL-29, IP-10, and MIG in PBMCs from all subjects was determined using real time PCR. The mean value of IL-29, IP-10 and MIG gene expression significantly increased in both naïve HCV and SVR groups of patients as compared to normal subjects. The corresponding value was significantly lower in patients with SVR compared to naïve HCV patients. Infection with HCV significantly trigged the co-expression of IL-29, IP-10, and CXCL9 (MIG) genes in PBMCs of chronic hepatitis C patients and significantly down-regulated in those who achieved SVR after successful DAAs therapy.

Keywords: IP10; MIG; IL29; HCV; DAAs; gene expression
Published online: 08-Jun-2021
Year: 2021, Volume: 65, Issue: 2 Page From: 141, Page To: 148
doi:10.4149/av_2021_209
Price: 19.20 €






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